Plastic tanks for the storage and subsequent use of rainwater. Due to various roof shapes and coverings, not all rainwater is drained off the roof. This is expressed by the “drainage coefficient” (0.6 to 0.8). When rainwater comes in contact with the roof, it may get contaminated, and therefore not all roofs are equally suitable for the collection of rainwater.
How to use rainwater?
- falling on built-up areas is usually drained into the sewerage system without being used in any manner. The amount of water is not the same in all areas. It is expressed by the average annual amount of precipitation in mm/year, which indicates how many mm of precipitation (“rain”} per 1 m
per year, in a particular area. 1 mm of precipitation is equivalent to 1 l of water.
The “production” of rainwater is 500 - 800 l per 1 m
Breakdown of household water consumption
32% ... personal hygiene - bathing, showering
8% ... minor hygiene - washing hands, etc.
2% ... cooking and drinking
8% ... washing up
50% ... potable water replaceable with rainwater
30% ... WC
12% ... laundering
4% ... garden irrigation
4% ... household cleaning
Average amount of precipitation in mm/year:
Prague 570; Brno 660; Olomouc 680; Ostrava 750; Plzeň 670
Gutter and gutter pipes
– drain captured rainwater from the roof.
– removes mechanical dirt from rainwater (e.g., leaves). It must have a corresponding efficiency and self-cleaning capability.
– directs treated water to the tank.
– above-ground or underground, accumulates rainwater; it should maintain a temperature below 16°C to limit the propagation of bacteria (underground tanks are convenient); it must have adequate strength and the inlet arranged in such a way that the dirt on the bottom should not be whirled up; it must have a safety overflow.
– adds potable water to the system in dry periods. It must ensure the separation of the distribution systems of potable water and rainwater.
Pump with a pressure switch or domestic pumping station
– maintains the pressure of rainwater in the system.
Rainwater distribution system
– transports rainwater to the places of consumption; it must be separated from the potable water distribution system.
– drains water if the tank gets overfilled.
Pipeline to the sewerage system
– drains part of the water with the mechanical dirt.
– drains excess rainwater or alternatively infiltration with the use of an